“Project 2000” was chosen as the name for the
compilation of The Diapason Index—an electronic database of articles,
general information and historical trivia found in the pages of The Diapason from
1909 to the present. This information was gleaned from index cards and yearly
annotations from the magazine’s inception in 1909. When the project was
initiated, it was expected to take five years to complete, hence the goal of
“Project 2000.” However, the enthusiasm of volunteers who gathered
the data was so great that it was all done in only two years. All that remained
was to keep the database current until Y2K.
When one looks over this voluminous data which comprises
some 15,000 records, the reader is struck by the nature of
“newsworthy” events, particularly in the early years in the
publication of The Diapason. A trip down memory lane proves to be extremely
colorful and full of human interest. The nature of organ recitals and concertizing
was profoundly different from our present day.
The art of organ building, while supposedly
“decadent” by current standards, was extremely vibrant if one looks
at the size and enthusiasm of audiences. For example, in 1912, the Estey organ
company of Brattleboro, Vermont, sold an organ to the Kaiser Wilhelm of
Germany. In 1928, Earnest Skinner hired special trains to take New York and
Philadelphia organists to the dedication of his new organ at Princeton
University. The organists who dedicated that organ had huge followings. They
were Lynnwood Farnam, Chandler Gold-thwaite, Charles Courboin, Rollo Maitland
and Ralph Downes.
Even the dark side of human events had no lack of interest.
Here are some events that are outrageous even by present standards.
February, 1912: Four parishioners attacked Philadelphia
organist Rudolph Loskat in the loft of St. Matthew’s Slavic Catholic
Church when his rector refused to replace him with an organist of their choice.
They threatened to throw him over the gallery rail and turned violently on the
rector when he tried to intervene. Mr. Loskat exited quickly.
June, 1913: Militant British suffragettes set fire to the
organs in several churches, presumably to draw attention to their cause of style="mso-spacerun: yes"> “votes for women.” The
organ of St. Anne’s Church at Lastborne was burned May 15 and that at the
parish church of Penn, Buckinghamshire on May 14.
Some reported “crimes” were trivial, such as an
event in July of 1914 when organist Edward Kreiser was “freed in
municipal court in Kansas City from the charge of speeding when he proved he
had driven his car 35 miles an hour in order to reach Independence Boulevard
Christian Church on time to play for a wedding service.”
Other events were disturbing, desperate and dark. Or
curious. Or funny.
June, 1938: A.B. Davis defrauded organ men in various parts
of the country. He was a clever swindler whose activities had received
publicity in the columns of The Diapason. He was trapped in the Chicago office
of M.P. Möller, Inc., and later sentenced to jail for six months. He had
served eight prison terms.
February, 1913: Former organist Thomas Griglak, of St.
Michael the Archangel Church, Chicago, sued the church’s pastor for
$20,000 for slander for calling him “a liar, swindler and drunkard”
from the pulpit after demanding his resignation.
May, 1913: Retiring organist Ernest Jores sued a steward of
the Grand Avenue Methodist Church of Kansas City, Missouri for $20,000 charging
slander. Meanwhile the Ladies Aid Society adopted a motion to withhold the
payment of money into the general fund until Mr. Jores’ dismissal was
Indeed, they were the Ladies “Aid”!
Some organists were incredibly selfless, as in the case of
Fred Maurer, who was reported in October of 1913 to have played the organ in
Zion Lutheran Church of Wilton, Iowa for 50 years, without pay. In honor of
this anniversary, he was given a purse of fifty one dollars, one for each year
and one for good measure!
Meanwhile some other organists got into terrible trouble.
April, 1942: Organist Courtney Rogers was executed in Los
Angeles for the murder of his father and mother. He also confessed to the
murder of his grandmother in 1935.
Employers, of course, were up to their usual shenanigans,
measured by the social mores of the day.
March, 1914: An editorial quoted and excoriated a news story
about an organist playing “ragtime” on the organ in the public
auditorium at Topeka, Kansas.
October, 1914: W. H. Donley, a Seattle organist, was given
the alternative of abandoning his playing in the Colonial Theater or resigning
from his post at the First Methodist Church; he chose to continue at the
theater where he was a featured recitalist and did not accompany the movies.
Traveling recitalists set new standards across the country.
In 1911, Edwin Arthur Kraft made an extensive tour with a group of 70 programs
which included some 700 pieces (September, 1911). By 1920, Charles Courboin was
traveling the country by airplane. This was not surprising, since he was also
known for his love of fast cars.
If their professional positions turned sour, organists did
not take well to sitting on the “back bench.” In 1914, the famous
organist-composer Harry Rowe Shelly sued the secretary of the music committee
of new York’s Calvary Baptist Church when its merger with Fifth Avenue
Baptist cost him his job. On the other side of the coin, there are many tales
of unflappability, such as one in
1913 when Lynnwood Farnam played without missing a beat when a windstorm blew
down a church tower and shattered windows.
Crowds of thousands were described at the recitals of the
star organists. Exhibitions featured enormous pipe organs. In the absence of
civic orchestras, it was organ recitalists who introduced the populace to the
symphonic repertoire. This brought fame and fortune and if one may read between
the lines, the human side of organ playing was never more prominent.
As the century progressed, articles and events in The
Diapason highlighted the evolution of the organ as a musical instrument with
scholarly insight and in-depth study. The “Two Manual” issues were
classics, and fascinating subjects were researched with articles such as Frank
Owen’s series on Boy Choirs and English Cathedrals. Organ builders’
announcements took interesting twists and turns, and wartime shortages had a
pronounced effect on organ building. A description of these articles and events
will be the subject of Part II of this series on The Diapason Index. However,
one can only marvel at the depth of the human condition of organists and their
mentors in the first thirty years of the publication of The Diapason. style='mso-tab-count:1'> n